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Will all cars be electric in 5 years?

Future Electric Vehicles: The EVs You’ll Soon Be Able to Buy

These EVs aren’t for sale yet but are in various stages from concept to production—and perhaps a few may never see the light of day.

By Caleb Miller Updated: Apr 3, 2023

composite image of future electric vehicles

Car and Driver

Electric cars are the future, and each year we’ve seen automakers add more EVs to their lineups. Everyone is working on electric vehicles, from well-established existing manufacturers to new names such as Lucid, Canoo, and Rivian. We’ve compiled a list of every electric vehicle, from concept to production, that isn’t available yet but will be soon.

Acura ZDX (Expected: 2024)

2024 acura zdx prototype


There’s some major electrification missing from Honda’s current lineup, and the Acura ZDX will be another step toward changing that when it arrives in 2024. Details are limited, but we know this all-electric SUV will be based on the upcoming Honda Prologue, which itself uses GM bones. You may recognize the ZDX name from Acura’s old coupe-SUV model, but this time around the EV should have a more conventional SUV design, as was previewed by the Precision EV concept. A Type S performance variant will also be available, which we assume will have additional horsepower, a stiffer suspension, and more aggressive looks. —Joey Capparella

Alfa Romeo Giulia EV (Expected: 2025)

2023 alfa romeo giulia quadrifoglio drifting around a corner

Alfa Romeo

Alfa Romeo has confirmed the gas-powered Giulia (seen above) will be revamped in the coming years, dropping its Ferrari-derived V-6 in favor of an electric powertrain for 2025. We expect the base version will make around 350 horsepower, while the Veloce will produce closer to 800 horsepower. The top-of-the-line Giulia will continue to carry the historic Quadrifoglio name and should make upwards of 1000 horsepower. The new Giulia will be produced on the Stellantis Group’s STLA Large platform, with 800-volt, ultra-rapid charging and a range of up to 500 miles. —Jack Fitzgerald

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Apple Titan EV (Expected: 2026)

apple logo

John Keeble/Getty Images, George Rose/Getty Images, Lya_Cattel/Getty Images

iPod, iPhone, iPad…iCar? The rumored Apple car—code-named Titan—has been in development for nearly a decade, and while its future has been put in doubt on numerous occasions, the latest murmurings suggest it will finally arrive in 2026. While Apple apparently abandoned plans for a full self-driving vehicle, the Apple car should still be capable of autonomous highway travel and will be built around a powerful onboard computer. The design hasn’t been finalized, but Apple has reportedly moved away from a pod-like design for a more conventional shape. The tech giant is still searching for an automotive partner to supply the electric platform after talks with Hyundai fell through in 2021, and is said to be investing around $1 billion into Titan each year. Apple’s not the only tech company considering an entry into the automotive market. Sony recently partnered with Honda on a new EV brand called Afeela, promising a similar product for 2026. —Caleb Miller

Audi A6 e-tron (Expected: 2023)

audi a6 etron concept


The Audi A6 e-tron is a concept for now, but Audi says it’s super close to what the production car will look like. It’s based on the scalable Premium Platform Electric (PPE) architecture that can be lengthened, lifted, and widened for a variety of different EV models. It will be sold alongside the gas-powered A6—and it’s likely the first EV we’ll see on the PPE platform that underpins future electric Audis. The A6 e-tron concept uses two electric motors with a combined output of 469 horsepower. All PPE vehicles have 800-volt charging capability, and this big sedan could have as much as 400 miles of range on a single charge. —Austin Irwin

Here are the only 5 countries opposing Europe’s 2035 electric car-only rule

charging vs gas

The European Union is about to vote on banning the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2035, and five countries are planning to push to delay the move to electric car-only by five years.

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A big part of achieving that goal is removing carbon from the transportation industry, and the European Union has been pushing a plan to ban the sales of new petrol and diesel-powered vehicles by 2035.

The ban is currently being finalized with an apparent consensus about it earlier this month, but now five countries are reportedly planning to oppose it and are asking for a five-year delay:

Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Romania want to delay a European Union plan to effectively ban the sale of new petrol and diesel cars from 2035 by five years, according to a document seen by Reuters.

The way the rule is planned, it is calling for cutting CO2 emissions in new cars by 100% by 2035, which would mean that any fossil fuel-powered vehicles would be banned and only zero-emissions vehicles, like electric cars, would be allowed.

According to the leaked memo, these five countries are instead asking for cutting 90% of CO2 in new car sales by 2035 and moving the 100% target to 2040.

Italy, Portugal, Slovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania are citing “the significant differences” in purchasing power between EU countries as the reason for delaying the target.

The rule is expected to be finalized next week, and it’s unclear if the objection from those countries is going to have an impact.

Electrek’s Take

These “bans” on gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles often scare the public because they often miss the fact that it only affects new car sales.

It’s only about making sure that no new fossil fuel-burning vehicle makes it on the road so that existing ones can be retired over a 15-year period, which is about the lifespan of a car.

At Electrek, we believe that these bans mainly serve as some sort of broader incentive for automakers to get moving with the EV transition. When it comes to actual demand for fossil fuel-powered vehicles, we think that it will drop to near zero a lot sooner than 2035.

I understand those countries’ concern with the cost of buying electric vehicles, but I think by 2035 only new electric vehicles will make economical sense anyway when accounting for the cost of operation and the resale value.

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Busting the myths and misconceptions about electric vehicles

Electric car charging in street for National Grid article

New petrol and diesel cars will no longer be sold in the UK from 2035 and the US is aiming for half of all new vehicle sales to be electric by 2030. So, before long, it’s likely that far more of us will be behind the wheel of an electric vehicle (EV).

But there are a number of concerns and misconceptions about EVs that are still making people think twice – here we address some of the most common EV myths.

Myth 1: The electricity grid won’t be able to handle the increase in EVs

There are two aspects to whether the electricity grid can manage lots of EVs being plugged in at once:

  1. Whether enough electricity is available; and
  2. Whether the wires that carry that electricity have enough capacity to do so

It’s important to remember that the shift to EVs is happening gradually – not overnight. Renewable energy sources are constantly being developed to supply us with more clean and green electricity, and we’re constantly ‘evolving’ the electricity grid to be better equipped to handle it.

Will enough electricity be available to charge EVs?

A main source of concern here is the scenario of all EV owners charging their EVs at the same time. So is it possible to spread out the demand, while still making sure we all get our EVs charged when we need it?

With this in mind, the UK Government has introduced Electric Vehicle Smart Charge Points Regulations, which ensure that EV charge points will have smart functionality; allowing the charging to happen when there is less demand on the grid, or when more renewable (and therefore often cheaper) electricity is available. This means that no matter what time you plug in your car, it will charge when you need it but can automatically pause during those peaks when demand on the grid is highest and energy is most expensive.

Similarly in the US, Smart Chargers and Time of Use Rate programmes will support balancing the load throughout the day.

Does the electricity grid have enough capacity for charging EVs?

The most demand for electricity in recent years in the UK was for 62GW in 2002. Since then, the nation’s peak demand has fallen by roughly 16% due to improvements in energy efficiency.

Even if we all switched to EVs overnight, we believe demand would only increase by around 10%. So we’d still be using less power as a nation than we did in 2002 and this is well within the range of manageable load fluctuation.

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The US grid is equally capable of handling more EVs on the roads – by the time 80% of the US owns an EV, this will only translate into a 10-15% increase in electricity consumption . 1

A significant amount of electricity is used to refine oil for petrol and diesel. Fully Charged’s video Volts for Oil estimates that refining 1 gallon of petrol would use around 4.5kWh of electricity – so, as we start to use less petrol or diesel cars, some of that electricity capacity could become available.

Myth 2: The electricity used to charge EVs is created by burning fossil fuels, so there are still emissions involved

More and more of our electricity now comes from renewable, green or clean energy sources , and zero-carbon power in Britain’s electricity mix has grown from less than 20% in 2010 to nearly 50% in 2021. With the growth in onshore and offshore wind farms and the closure of a number of coal plants, transport is in fact now the most polluting thing the UK does as a nation.

Our energy system is also becoming more flexible to maximise on this cleaner energy whenever it’s available. Apps like the WhenToPlugIn app , as well as new legislation and smart energy tariffs, are all helping us manage our electricity use – for example, Smart Chargers that can start or pause our EV charging to ensure it’s using the cleanest and cheapest power.

In New England and New York, only 0.1 to 2.7% of electricity is produced from coal and oil combined 2 and, as electricity continues to decarbonise, these percentages will continue to reduce.

Myth 3: EVs are slower than petrol and diesel cars

Formula E racing is a great example of just how fast EVs can go. A Formula E car can accelerate from 0-62mph in just 2.8 seconds – faster than most Ferraris. They can have a top speed of 174mph (280km/h), equivalent to travelling from London to Edinburgh in just over two hours. Definitely no issues with slowness there.

For normal EVs, …top speeds aren’t really any different to other cars, but they accelerate more quickly so can ‘feel’ faster.

For normal EVs outside the racing world, top speeds aren’t really any different to other cars, but they accelerate more quickly so can ‘feel’ faster. This is because you get the maximum torque (leading to acceleration) from the minute you start rolling, whereas you need to ‘rev up’ an internal combustion engine car to get maximum power and torque.

Myth 4: EVs are much more expensive than petrol and diesel equivalents

It’s true that products based on new technology do tend to be more expensive for early adopters. But, as they become more mainstream and volumes increase, prices typically come down – look at mobile phones for example.

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EV battery prices are already falling 3 , which helps with this. So we absolutely expect the upfront cost of new EVs to reduce over the next few years.

For those looking to buy used rather than new, the current uptick of supply in new EVs will hit the second hand EVs market fairly soon.

Consider the ‘whole life costs’, not just upfront prices

It’s important to look not just at the initial outlay for your car but the ‘whole life cost’, which means considering its running costs and how well it retains its value. It seems that EVs are depreciating less than petrol and diesel cars, so you might well get more payback when the time comes for you to trade in or sell on.

Even though EVs currently have higher purchase prices, they’re cheaper to run – costing much less than petrol or diesel, at as little as 2p per mile if you charge at the right time of day or night. EVs have fewer moving parts too, meaning they should also have lower servicing costs.

Incentives may also be available to lower the price of an EV. Under the US Inflation Reduction Act, families can receive tax credits for new and used electric vehicles, saving them upwards of $1000 a year.

Myth 5: We’ll end up with lots of EV batteries going into landfill

The lithium ion technology in our mobile phones is not dissimilar to those in an electric vehicle, but what’s different is that EVs have effective power management systems that guard the long-term health of their batteries. Most manufacturers are offering battery warranties of seven or eight years, or around 100,000 miles, but there’s a reasonable expectation that they will actually last longer than that and indeed outlive the car itself.

. it won’t end up in that landfill site, as it can either be recycled or given a second life.

Even if a battery became no longer fit for use in the car it won’t end up in that landfill site, as it can either be recycled or given a second life as an energy storage unit for homes or businesses.

Myth 6: Electric vehicles don’t go far enough on a single charge and take a long time to charge

The sweet-spot for the range of an EV is between 200 and 300 miles. This gives the optimal balance between cost and range. Most people don’t need a range of more than this; after the time it takes to drive this distance most of us need a pit stop anyway.

. when we take longer trips, most of us already do stop for 15 to 20 minutes at a service station.

Statistically in the UK, the first car in a family does around 37 miles a day on average and any second car covers around 11 miles daily. In the US, the majority of households (roughly 85%) travel under 100 miles on a typical day. 4

Understandably people don’t, however, buy for their average journeys – they buy for the longest ones they do. In reality, when we take longer trips, most of us already do stop for 15-20 minutes at a service station, to grab a drink, use the toilet or fill up on petrol or diesel. That would be all the time it takes to power up your EV with the new range of ultra-rapid chargers that are already available.

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How long does it take to charge an EV?

Charging your EV can take as little as 30 minutes or up to 12 hours – it all depends on the size of the battery and the speed of the charging point.

A Nissan LEAF with a 40kW battery, for example, would take around 5 hours to charge from empty with a 7kW home charging point, whereas a Polestar with a 78kW battery would take around 10 hours. A rapid charger at a motorway service station, however, could charge your car to full in about 30 minutes.

The charging rate can also differ depending on the ambient temperature, the state of the battery (e.g. empty or half full) and the maximum charging rate of the vehicle.

Similar to your mobile phone though, up to 80% of your charging will likely be at home, including while you’re sleeping.

Myth 7: The infrastructure isn’t able to support a lot of people driving electric vehicles – especially in rural areas

Currently in the US, there are almost as many EV charging ports as there are gas stations. Charging stations are constantly being added by public and private entities alike. The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law also allocates $7.5 billion for EV charging infrastructure to support continued expansion. National Grid and 60 other utilities are collaborating as part of the National Electric Highway Coalition to foster expansion of fast EV chargers along highways.

I n the UK, National Grid has proposed the optimum locations for adequate grid capacity to enable others to provide ultra-fast chargers, ensuring that nobody on the strategic road network (motorways and principle dual carriageways) is further than 50 driven miles from ultra-rapid charging. This will give drivers consistency, continuity and therefore confidence that their main – or only – car can be electric.

Myth 8: Electric cars break down more than normal cars

Electric cars are actually shown to break down less than combustion vehicles, as they have fewer moving parts. They also require less maintenance, fewer fluids and their brake systems generally last longer due to regenerative braking. 5

Edmund King, president of the UK’s biggest breakdown organisation, the AA, told The Clean Energy Revolution podcast : “T here is a massive misconception; 99% of people in a survey of 15,000 exaggerated by quite a lot the number of EVs that would break down from running out of charge … it’s less than 4%, and 50% of them aren’t actually out of charge, they’re low on charge and maybe a little bit worried.”

He continued: “The biggest reason we’re being called out for EVs [breaking down] is exactly the same as for conventional cars.”


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